Home Nursery & Infant School Welcome Curriculum The Early Years Foundation Stage

The Early Years Foundation Stage

Miss Garda

At this young age, Westholme aims to cherish the individual and put in place the foundations of life long learning. We understand just how quickly children develop during their first five years of life and that young children’s potential for learning is unlimited. Westholme knows that a loving and stimulating environment can give young children confidence and enable them to flourish.

Westholme provides effective practice within the Early Years with committed, enthusiastic and reflective practitioners who have a breadth and depth of skills and understanding.

Our Early Years Practitioners are committed, enthusiastic and reflective and understand the individual and diverse ways that children develop and learn. They have extensive knowledge and resources which allow them to support and extend children’s learning and meet all their needs, learning styles and interests.

Planning is based on the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum. This curriculum progresses through into the Infant School which facilitates a seamless progression throughout the early years. At the end of the reception class, when children are five years old, a profile is completed to show their progress.

As children develop and learn, they take with them what they already know; they continue to practise, refine, use and consolidate their previous development and learning. By the time they reach the end of the Foundation Stage, the majority of children will have achieved the early learning goals in all seven areas and some will have exceeded them.


There are seven areas covered by the early learning goals and educational programmes:

The three prime areas reflect the key skills and capabilities that all children need to develop and learn effectively and to become ‘school ready’. These three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning and building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. These areas are:

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development
  • Communication and Language

For our very youngest children we focus strongly on the three prime areas, which form the foundation for successful learning in the four specific areas. As children grow more in confidence and ability with the prime areas the balance will shift towards a more equal focus on all prime and specific areas of learning.

Personal, Social and Emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves and others. To develop positive relationships and develop respect for others, to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings, to understand appropriate behaviour in groups and to have confidence in their own abilities.

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive, to develop their coordination, control and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

Communication and Language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

Through the specific areas we continue to strengthen and apply the prime areas. The specific areas are:

  • Literacy
  • Understanding the World
  • Mathematics
  • Expressive Arts and Design

Each area of learning and development must be implemented through planned, purposeful play and through a mix of adult led and child-initiated play. Play is essential for children’s development, building their confidence as they learn to explore, to think about problems and relate to others. Children learn by leading their own play and by taking part in play which is guided by adults.

Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials, fiction and non fiction texts and poems in order to ignite their interest.

Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using number, calculating and simple addition and subtraction problems, and to be able to describe shapes, space and measures.

Understanding the World involves guiding children to make sense of the physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Expressive Arts and Design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design technology.

We recognise each child’s emerging needs and interests, guiding their development through warm, positive interaction. As children grow older and as their development allows, it is expected that the balance will gradually shift towards more activities led by adults, to help children prepare for more formal learning ahead.


Three characteristics of learning

In planning and guiding children’s activities we take into account the different ways in which children learn. There are three characteristics of learning which are:

Playing and Exploring – the engagement of children, being able to find out and explore their environment, playing with what they know and be willing to ‘have a go’

Active Learning – the motivation of children, being involved and concentrating, persisting and keep on trying at a task, and enjoying achieving what they set out to do.

Creating and Thinking Critically – where children are able to think, where they are able to have their own ideas, make links in their play, and choosing for themselves different ways of doing things.

Taken from The Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage – September 2014

This curriculum is further enhanced with carefully planned enrichment sessions which punctuate the week. These sessions link in with an overarching theme, special days and festivals or children’s interests and provide stimulating teaching and learning opportunities for all of the children in early years. Enrichments are led by specialists as well as the practitioners in each room.


SHINING STARS, SHOOTING STARS AND RISING STARS (3 months to 3 years)

Shining Stars Room

In the Shining Stars Room we cater for 9 babies’ from 3 months – 2 years. We know that it can be difficult to leave your young child in a setting with unfamiliar faces and that is why it is important that the spaces and environment for a young child are warm and welcoming yet fun and exciting.

Here at Westholme Nursery we know that play is an essential part of a child’s development. It is our belief that when your child comes here that they are given the best opportunities and resources to enhance their playtime experiences and we promote a versatile and exciting environment. As children’s play is to instinctively respond to the sensory stimulation of everything that is around them the staff promote and encourage open-ended play and provide relevant and stimulating spaces which meet every child’s individual needs; long before they understand the concepts of ‘under’ and ‘far’ with their minds, their bodies are learning to navigate the up and down, under and over of the physical world.

Sensory and heuristic approaches are used to nurture the child’s curiosity. Natural objects possess a wide variety of sensory properties and many everyday household articles offer a variety of sensory experiences. As a baby shakes a bunch of keys, they notice the sounds they have produced as well as the sensations that they feel in their arms and hands. Such actions strengthen cognitive development and motor control and this is why the Shining Stars Room supports a stimulating and captivating atmosphere.

Alongside the fun experiences and opportunities, we provide a nurturing and caring environment. Every child is treated equally and we pride ourselves in the partnership we have with our children’s families. This is an important part of a child’s development and allowing continuity of care and reassurance that every child is treated equally and as individuals.
Every child’s well-being is at the heart and center of everything we do. Our Mission Statement is, ‘children come first’

Rising Stars Room

Our Rising Stars room is registered to take 28 little early learners, from rising 2’s and 3 year olds. We have developed a fun, friendly and warm atmosphere that is supporting, secure and relaxed allowing the children to explore and develop their curiosity and imagination.

The learning environment is active and tactile with movable furniture and inspiring spaces to meet the seven main areas of learning, promoting creativity, open-ended play and foster lifelong skills for your child, using a wide variety of innovative resources which are age and stage appropriate and easily accessible to children.

Our experienced staff team use a wide range of resources to provide a variety of limitless learning opportunities which meet the individual needs of the children. We use holistic approaches with our early learners, prompting and encouraging positive behaviour whilst promoting and developing social skills to form friendships and learn about co-operation and communication. Our children are the center of all that we do, we are here to support, guide and flourish our early learners into confident, happy and independent individuals.

We have developed a structured curriculum which ensures all our learners are receiving challenging, stimulating and enjoyable experiences. With the delivery of the Early Years Foundation Stage and its seven curricular areas our aim is for all children to become successful learners, effective contributors, confident individuals and responsible citizens. Our curriculum is enhanced by a series of enrichment activities, many led by specialist teachers, which take place over the course of the week and include, pottery, baking, science, yoga, music, PE, Forest Friday, art classes and gardening.

Our early learners are active in their own learning and share responsibility alongside staff to ensure that their interests are taken forward and promote breadth, balance and depth in all experiences and activities. Children are offered a wide range of opportunities to work independently or collaboratively with other children or staff, and they may be supported or challenged to meet their individual needs or interests through day to day exploration and discovery both indoors and out.

Through the delivery of high quality learning and teaching methods our children’s progress is monitored and parents/carers are involved as much as possible. We have high aspirations and ambitions for all our learners. The successes of each individual child and their attainment, achievements and participation are recognised and celebrated. Our early learners are all given the platform required to flourish and reach their full potential, embracing the confidence and skills required for learning, work and life.

SUPERSTARS (PRE-SCHOOL YEAR)

The Superstars setting at Billinge House is an attractively designed suite of themed rooms and facilities all interconnecting and on the same level. These rooms open out onto a private, secure and covered outdoor play area with a low impact wet pour surface and extensive lawned play area.

The children in Superstars follow the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum which is further enhanced with the following enrichments.

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Primary School trained teachers teach phonics, maths, PE, swimming and music during term time and our early years practitioners lead drama, creative crafts, cookery, French, yoga and mindfulness, nature detectives and science and investigations. Children can also take part in Ballet with our ballet specialist.

Each room is colour themed and designed to facilitate access to the Foundation Stage curriculum. The children can first observe and then gradually explore and take part in the wider experiences found within our Infant School. This includes visiting the school Learning Zone which houses the library and a suite of touch screen computers, playing outside with the Reception children on the playground, trim trail and Discovery Dell, as well as joining in with assemblies and whole school celebrations such as Harvest. This makes the move from Superstars to Reception a natural and easy transition at the end end of the child’s Pre School year.

We recognise that all children are individual and develop at their own rates; however, we aim to challenge and inspire children to progress across all areas of the curriculum. We carefully plan activities and gradually introduced more structure, over the course of the year, for example, children begin to learn to read through differentiated phonic sessions. This equips the children and supports them to become ‘school ready’ as they move from Superstars to Reception.

The Green Room

Green Room

Our Green Room is the most spacious area in the Superstars area, providing many opportunities to learn within the Early Years environment and opening onto our outdoor covered classroom.

This play room provides opportunities for the children to have quiet time in our reading garden or spend time in their key worker groups taking part in focussed activities. In here children are also encouraged to develop their imagination and creativity as they access the resources and areas available to them. There are two role play areas; a home corner which allows for children to role play situations familiar to them as well as another role play area where they can make believe and assume roles such as doctor, dentist or even a superhero! A good selection of costumes and accessories add to their experiences. The role play area is designed to stir their curiosity, stimulate their creativity and capture their imagination; an imagination station is also situated in the Green Room to enhance the children’s play. In the music area the children can experiment and explore simple percussion instruments as well as express themselves to music using movement and dance. A large construction area encourages physical development as the children design and build with oversized resources and materials.

The Blue Room

Blue Room

In our Blue Room we help to support each individual child’s ideas, by allowing them to engage in purposeful play and by providing experiences that promote learning and development. Specialist teaching for Music, Phonics and Mathematics takes place in the Blue Room where access to the interactive whiteboard can be used by teachers and children alike. A maths corner promotes the use of numbers, shape and measure in play as well as providing challenges for the children to access continuously. The small world area houses extensive small world resources which children can freely access to enhance their play, create scenarios and retell favourite stories such as ‘We’re going on a Bear Hunt’.

Reading buddies, our cuddly toys, are an addition to the cosy corner in the Blue Room, where children can go for quite reflection, to look at books or share a story basket with their chosen buddy. There is also the option for the children to take a ‘nap’ should they wish to, however this is rarely something that happens in Superstars because the children are so busy!

There is also a small construction area and writing station in the blue room, both of which encourage fine manipulative development. Children are encouraged to write for different purposes and transportable writing boxes allow the children to access writing in all areas in the Superstars setting.

The Red Room

Red Room

Our Red Room recognises and satisfies a child’s need to investigate, discover and explore through play. Our activities and resources within this learning environment introduce a child’s senses to a vast array of material such as sand, water and paint to name but a few. The malleable area allows the children to explore different materials and textures as well as independently making their own play dough! These experiences facilitate the development of manipulation skills and mark making opportunities which are important steps in their learning, leading to the acquisition of early reading and writing skills. The Superstars’ own kitchen ensures that cookery activities can be safely achieved with constant adult supervision.

The Outdoor Classroom

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Our rich and varied learning environment is reflected both inside and out. Accessed through the Green Room, our private, secure and covered play area with a low impact wet pour surface allows the children to have first hand contact with weather, seasons and the natural world all year round. Our children love to put on their waterproofs and wellington boots to explore!

RECEPTION

Our Reception bungalow houses two large, bright and stimulating rooms providing a range of diverse experiences for children to explore. An adjoining covered outdoor area and garden with an adventure trail and ship, provides additional physical challenges for our youngsters. Both the indoor and outdoor provision is constantly reviewed and enhanced to reflect children’s interests, current topics and developmentally appropriate resources to stretch and challenge all.

              Rec

In Reception, learning takes place through a balance of focused teaching and carefully planned and resourced child initiated activities.  Essential skills like reading, writing and mathematics are a key focus in preparation for children moving to Year One.

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Situated within the grounds of the Infant School, children benefit from the wider school facilities like the ICT suite, hall, playgrounds and school library. These areas become part of each child’s routine, over the course of the year, as the structure of the school day increases.