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The Early Years Foundation Stage

At this young age, Westholme aims to cherish the individual and put in place the foundations of life long learning. We understand just how quickly children develop during their first five years of life and that young children’s potential for learning is unlimited. Westholme knows that a loving and stimulating environment can give young children confidence and enable them to flourish.

Westholme provides effective practice within the Early Years with committed, enthusiastic and reflective practitioners who have a breadth and depth of skills and understanding.

Our Early Years Practitioners are committed, enthusiastic and reflective and understand the individual and diverse ways that children develop and learn. They have extensive knowledge and resources which allow them to support and extend children’s learning and meet all their needs, learning styles and interests.

Planning is based on the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum. This curriculum progresses through into the Infant School which facilitates a seamless progression throughout the early years. At the end of the reception class, when children are five years old, a profile is completed to show their progress.

As children develop and learn, they take with them what they already know; they continue to practise, refine, use and consolidate their previous development and learning. By the time they reach the end of the Foundation Stage, the majority of children will have achieved the early learning goals in all seven areas and some will have exceeded them.

There are seven areas covered by the early learning goals and educational programmes:

The three prime areas reflect the key skills and capabilities that all children need to develop and learn effectively and to become ‘school ready’. These three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning and building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. These areas are:

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development
  • Communication and Language

For our very youngest children we focus strongly on the three prime areas, which form the foundation for successful learning in the four specific areas. As children grow more in confidence and ability with the prime areas the balance will shift towards a more equal focus on all prime and specific areas of learning.

Personal, Social and Emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves and others. To develop positive relationships and develop respect for others, to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings, to understand appropriate behaviour in groups and to have confidence in their own abilities.

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive, to develop their coordination, control and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

Communication and Language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

Through the specific areas we continue to strengthen and apply the prime areas. The specific areas are:

  • Literacy
  • Understanding the World
  • Mathematics
  • Expressive Arts and Design

Each area of learning and development must be implemented through planned, purposeful play and through a mix of adult led and child-initiated play. Play is essential for children’s development, building their confidence as they learn to explore, to think about problems and relate to others. Children learn by leading their own play and by taking part in play which is guided by adults.

Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials, fiction and non fiction texts and poems in order to ignite their interest.

Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using number, calculating and simple addition and subtraction problems, and to be able to describe shapes, space and measures.

Understanding the World involves guiding children to make sense of the physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Expressive Arts and Design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design technology.

We recognise each child’s emerging needs and interests, guiding their development through warm, positive interaction. As children grow older and as their development allows, it is expected that the balance will gradually shift towards more activities led by adults, to help children prepare for more formal learning ahead.

Three characteristics of learning

In planning and guiding children’s activities we take into account the different ways in which children learn. There are three characteristics of learning which are:

Playing and Exploring – the engagement of children, being able to find out and explore their environment, playing with what they know and be willing to ‘have a go’

Active Learning – the motivation of children, being involved and concentrating, persisting and keep on trying at a task, and enjoying achieving what they set out to do.

Creating and Thinking Critically – where children are able to think, where they are able to have their own ideas, make links in their play, and choosing for themselves different ways of doing things.

Taken from The Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage – September 2014

This curriculum is further enhanced with carefully planned enrichment sessions which punctuate the week. These sessions link in with an overarching theme, special days and festivals or children’s interests and provide stimulating teaching and learning opportunities for all of the children in early years. Enrichments are led by specialists as well as the practitioners in each room.


Our Reception is situated within the Infant School at Beardwood House. Both the indoor and outdoor provision is constantly reviewed and enhanced to reflect children’s interests, current topics and developmentally appropriate resources to stretch and challenge all.

In Reception, learning takes place through a balance of focused teaching and carefully planned and resourced child initiated activities.  Essential skills like reading, writing and mathematics are a key focus in preparation for children moving to Year One.

Situated within the grounds of the Infant School, children benefit from the wider school facilities like the ICT suite, hall, playgrounds and school library. These areas become part of each child’s routine, over the course of the year, as the structure of the school day increases.


We have had a brand new playground installed at Beardwood House where the children can play during breaks. Structured PE classes also take place on here that challenge the children, keeping them active and healthy!